Tuesday, October 21, 2008

What Nails To Use To Build A House

What nails do you use to build a house? There are not that many different kinds of nails that are used to construct a home. The two most used nails to rough in a house are the 8 penny and 16 penny nail (8d and 16d).

Eight penny nails are used to nail down plywood or OSB (oriented strand board). This includes the sheet goods for the deck, the walls and the roof. Each sheet of plywood or OSB will take at least 80 nails to nail it down. A 2000 square foot house will use about 5,000 8d nails just for the plywood floors.

Sixteen penny nails are used to nail the homes framing members. These nails connect the joists to the sill plates and rim joists, top and bottom plates to studs,ceiling joists to top plates and rafters to top plates, ceiling joists and ridge board. Sixteen penny nails are also used to build headers and fly rafters. These nails also get used to nail wall bracing in place till other components like second floors, ceiling joists and rafters are nailed in place.

Other nails that play a part in building a house are 4d nails for cross bridging, cap nails for foam sheathing, roofing nails for shingles and galvinized splitless nails for wood siding. Depending on other finishes there are still other nails that are used, but the ones mentioned here are the ones used the most.

Mike Merisko(C)2008


Saturday, October 18, 2008

How To Build A Gable Overhang

How To Build A Gable Overhang

How do you build a gable overhang? It can be tricky for a first timer but can be a fairly simple thing to do.

A normal gable overhang is usually 12 to 24 inches wide. It is made up of rafters that are called fly rafters and are usually constructed of 2x or 1x lumber. The fly rafters are usually one size smaller in width than the rafters used to frame the main roof. If the roof was framed with 2x8's the fly rafters would be 2x6's.

When framing the overhang, the ridge board is stopped with the last common rafter. By doing this, having to cut down and reduce the size of the ridge is avoided to match the plumb cut on the fly rafters. If the common rafters were 2x8's, the ridge would have to be a 2x10. If the fly rafters were 2x6's, the 2x10 ridge would hang below the plumb cut of the fly rafter, putting it in the way of the finish soffit material.

Three quarters of an inch must be added to the length of the fly rafters when cutting them to make up for the missing ridge. This is half the thickness of the ridge. Four rafters must be cut to make the gable overhang, two for each side of the gable.

Let's say the overhang is to be 12" wide and 2x6 lumber is used. What we build will
look like a ladder. Two 2x6 fly rafters are separated by 9", 2x6 blocks 24 inches on center, starting at the bottom of the plumb cut, and continuing down to at least the birdsmouth cut.

Once building the ladder they can be nailed against the last common rafter. Before lifting the overhangs up, start 16 penny nails in between all the blocking. This is to keep from holding the overhang in place, and trying to start a nail, all at the same time. The overhang is held tight to the last common rafter on the gable. The top of the fly rafter is held even with the top of the common rafter. The plumb cut on the fly rafter should line up with the center of the ridge board. When all these requirements are met, the overhang is then nailed to the common rafter. This procedure is then repeated for the other side of the gable.

The overhangs support themselves as their plumb cuts lean against each other and are nailed together. The bottoms of the overhangs are supported being nailed into a 2x subfascia. Additional support is added when the plywood sheathing is nailed to the common rafters and into the overhangs.

Gable overhangs built in this manner will provide nailing for whatever finish the soffit and fascia may be.

Mike Merisko (C)2008